FANDOM


The benzodiazepine data set was generated by doing a PubChem search for the SMARTS query "C2(CN=C(C1=CC(=CC=C1N2[*])[*])C3=CC=CC=C3[*])=[*]" where the [*] are for the R-groups. The query pattern was generated by the PubChem sketcher, and the aromatic form without R-groups is "c1ccc2c(c1)C(=NCCN2)c3ccccc3".

This task will extract a molecule from that data set and depict it with part of the substructure highlighted.

ImplementationEdit

Read record 3016 from the benzodiazepine SD file. Find all atoms which match the SMARTS "c1ccc2c(c1)C(=NCCN2)c3ccccc3" and highlight them in red. All other atoms must be drawn in black.

The resulting image should be 200x250 pixels and on a white background. The resulting image file should be in PNG (preferred) or GIF format.

OpenEye/PythonEdit

Prozac depiction with the OpenEye toolkits.

Output from OpenEye/Python

from openeye.oechem import *
from openeye.oedepict import *
 
# Find the structure matching the given title
def get_molecule_by_title(ifs, title):
    for mol in ifs.GetOEGraphMols():
        if mol.GetTitle() == title:
            return mol
    raise KeyError(title)
 
def do_layout_and_make_view(mol):
    # These operations may modify the structure
    OEAssignAromaticFlags(mol)
    OESetDimensionFromCoords(mol)
    OESuppressHydrogens(mol)
    OEAddDepictionHydrogens(mol)
    OEDepictCoordinates(mol)
    OEMDLPerceiveBondStereo(mol)
 
    view = OEDepictView(200, 250)
    view.SetSuperAtoms(False)
    view.SetAromaticCircles(False)
    view.SetAromaticDashes(True)
 
    view.SetColorOnBlack(False)
    view.SetBackColor(255, 255, 255)
    view.SetForeColor(0, 0, 0)
 
    view.SetShowHydrogens(True)
    view.SetDativeBonds(False)
 
    view.SetMolecule(mol)
 
    return view
 
# Set the color of each atom, as specified
def color_atoms(view, atoms, (r, g, b)):
    for atom in atoms:
        astyle = view.AStyle(atom.GetIdx())
        astyle.r, astyle.g, astyle.b = r, g, b
 
# Get the right molecule
ifs = oemolistream("benzodiazepine.sdf.gz")
mol = get_molecule_by_title(ifs, "3016")
 
# prepare it for depiction and make everything black
view = do_layout_and_make_view(mol)
color_atoms(view, mol.GetAtoms(), (0, 0, 0))
 
# Define the core pattern and make all matches red
core_subsearch = OESubSearch("c1ccc2c(c1)C(=NCCN2)c3ccccc3")
for match in core_subsearch.Match(mol, True):
    color_atoms(view, match.GetTargetAtoms(), (255, 0, 0))
 
# Render to an image and write the result as a GIF
img = OE8BitImage(view.XRange(), view.YRange())
view.RenderImage(img, True, 0, 0)
 
ofs = oeofstream("highlight_oe.gif")
OEWriteGIF(ofs, img)

OpenBabel/RubabelEdit

mol = Rubabel.foreach("benzodiazepine.sdf.gz").find {|mol| mol.title == "3016" }
mol.highlight_substructure!("c1ccc2c(c1)C(=NCCN2)c3ccccc3").remove_h!
mol.write("3016_highlighted.rubabel.png", u: true)

RDKit/PythonEdit

Mol 3016 depiction with the RDKit toolkit.

Output from RDKit/Python

from rdkit import Chem
suppl = Chem.SDMolSupplier('benzodiazepine.sdf')
tgt=None
for mol in suppl:
    if not mol: continue
    if mol.GetProp('_Name')=='3016':
        tgt=mol
        break
 
patt = Chem.MolFromSmarts("c1ccc2c(c1)C(=NCCN2)c3ccccc3")
# get the matching atoms:
matching = mol.GetSubstructMatch(patt)
 
from rdkit.Chem import Draw
 
# By default the RDKit colors atoms by element in depictions.
# We can turn this off by replacing the element dictionary
# in MolDrawing:
from rdkit.Chem.Draw import MolDrawing
from collections import defaultdict
MolDrawing.elemDict=defaultdict(lambda : (0,0,0))
 
Draw.MolToFile(tgt,'3016_highlighted.rdkit.png',size=(200,250),highlightAtoms=matching )


Cactvs/TclEdit

Mol 3016 depiction with the Cactvs toolkit.

Output from Cactvs

set eh [molfile scan [molfile open benzodiazepine.sdf.gz r hydrogens add] "E_NAME = 3016" ens]
match ss -atomhighlight 1 -bondhighlight 1 c1ccc2c(c1)C(=NCCN2)c3ccccc3 $eh
prop setparam E_GIF height 250 width 200 bgcolor white atomcolor black format png filename 3016.png
ens get $eh E_GIF

The rendering uses the original coordinates from the SD file (unlike the OE example).

Btw: What does "Read record 3016" mean? If this is the record number, and not the record name, the script is:

set eh [molfile read [molfile open benzodiazepine.sdf.gz r record 3016 hydrogens add]]
match ss -atomhighlight 1 -bondhighlight 1 c1ccc2c(c1)C(=NCCN2)c3ccccc3 $eh
prop setparam E_GIF height 250 width 200 bgcolor white atomcolor black format png filename 3016.png
ens get $eh E_GIF
Rec 3016 depiction with the Cactvs toolkit.

Output from Cactvs

Cactvs/PythonEdit

First version with ID match:

e=Molfile('benzodiazepine.sdf.gz','r',{'hydrogens':'add'}).scan('E_NAME = 3016','ens')
match('ss','c1ccc2c(c1)C(=NCCN2)c3ccccc3',e,atomhighlight=True,bondhighlight=True)
Prop.Setparam('E_GIF','height',250,'width',200,'bgcolor','white','atomcolor','black','format','png','filename','3016.png')
e.get('E_GIF')

Second version with record selection:

e=Molfile('benzodiazepine.sdf.gz','r',{'record':3016,'hydrogens':'add'}).read()
match('ss','c1ccc2c(c1)C(=NCCN2)c3ccccc3',e,atomhighlight=True,bondhighlight=True)
Prop.Setparam('E_GIF','height',250,'width',200,'bgcolor','white','atomcolor','black','format','png','filename','3016.png')
e.get('E_GIF')

The output is again pixel-identical.

CDK/JavaEdit

3016

CDK v1.5.12+ provides a new depict API simplifying image generation.










import org.openscience.cdk.CDKConstants;
import org.openscience.cdk.interfaces.*;
import org.openscience.cdk.io.MDLV2000Reader;
import org.openscience.cdk.isomorphism.Pattern;
import org.openscience.cdk.silent.SilentChemObjectBuilder;
import org.openscience.cdk.smiles.smarts.SmartsPattern;
import org.openscience.cdk.tools.manipulator.AtomContainerManipulator;
 
import java.awt.Color;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
 
public class Main {
public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
 
  String fname = "benzodiazepine.sdf";
  String sma   = "c1ccc2c(c1)C(=NCCN2)c3ccccc3";
 
  IChemObjectBuilder bldr = SilentChemObjectBuilder.getInstance();
  IAtomContainer     mol  = null;
 
  // XXX: use try-with-resources WIKIA doesn't syntax color if I do
  FileInputStream in   = new FileInputStream(fname);
  MDLV2000Reader  mdlr = new MDLV2000Reader(in);
  try {
    while ((mol = mdlr.read(bldr.newInstance(IAtomContainer.class))) != null) {
      if (mol.getProperty(CDKConstants.TITLE).equals("3016")) {
        break;
      }
    }
  } finally {
    mdlr.close();
  }
 
  AtomContainerManipulator.suppressHydrogens(mol);
  Pattern ptrn = SmartsPattern.create(sma, bldr);
  Iterable<IChemObject> hits = ptrn.matchAll(mol)
                                   .uniqueAtoms()
                                   .toChemObjects();
 
  DepictionGenerator dptgen = new DepictionGenerator();
  dptgen.withSize(200, 250)
        .withHighlight(hits, Color.RED);
  dptgen.depict(mol)
        .writeTo("~/3016.png");
}
}

CDK/Groovy Edit

Record 3016 depiction with the CDK toolkit.

Output from CDK/Groovy

import java.util.List;
import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.image.*;
import java.util.zip.GZIPInputStream;
import javax.imageio.*;
import org.openscience.cdk.*;
import org.openscience.cdk.interfaces.*;
import org.openscience.cdk.io.*;
import org.openscience.cdk.io.iterator.*;
import org.openscience.cdk.layout.*;
import org.openscience.cdk.renderer.*;
import org.openscience.cdk.renderer.font.*;
import org.openscience.cdk.renderer.generators.*;
import org.openscience.cdk.renderer.visitor.*;
import org.openscience.cdk.renderer.generators.BasicSceneGenerator.Margin;
import org.openscience.cdk.renderer.generators.BasicSceneGenerator.ZoomFactor;
import org.openscience.cdk.silent.*;
import org.openscience.cdk.smiles.smarts.*;
import org.openscience.cdk.templates.*;
import org.openscience.cdk.tools.manipulator.*;
 
int WIDTH = 250;
int HEIGHT = 200;
// the draw area and the image should be the same size
Rectangle drawArea = new Rectangle(WIDTH, HEIGHT);
Image image = new BufferedImage(
  WIDTH, HEIGHT, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB
);
iterator = new IteratingMDLReader(
  new GZIPInputStream(
    new File("ctr/benzodiazepine.sdf.gz")
      .newInputStream()
  ),
  SilentChemObjectBuilder.getInstance()
)
iterator.setReaderMode(
  IChemObjectReader.Mode.STRICT
)
compound3016 = null
while (iterator.hasNext() && compound3016 == null) {
  mol = iterator.next()
  if ("3016".equals(mol.getProperty(CDKConstants.TITLE)))
    compound3016 = mol
}
compound3016 = AtomContainerManipulator.removeHydrogens(compound3016)
StructureDiagramGenerator sdg = new StructureDiagramGenerator();
sdg.setMolecule(compound3016);
sdg.generateCoordinates();
compound3016 = sdg.getMolecule();
// generators make the image elements
List<IGenerator> generators =
  new ArrayList<IGenerator>();
generators.add(new BasicSceneGenerator());
generators.add(new ExternalHighlightGenerator());
generators.add(new BasicBondGenerator());
generators.add(new BasicAtomGenerator());
selection = new AtomContainer();
querytool = new SMARTSQueryTool("c1ccc2c(c1)C(=NCCN2)c3ccccc3");
querytool.matches(compound3016);
if (querytool.countMatches() > 0) {
  mappings = querytool.getUniqueMatchingAtoms()
  mapping = mappings.get(0)
  for (int i=0; i<mapping.size(); i++) {
    selection.addAtom(
      compound3016.getAtom(mapping.get(i))
    )
  }
}
// the renderer needs to have a toolkit-specific font manager
AtomContainerRenderer renderer =
  new AtomContainerRenderer(generators, new AWTFontManager());
// the call to 'setup' only needs to be done on the first paint
renderer.setup(compound3016, drawArea);
model = renderer.getRenderer2DModel();
model.set(ZoomFactor.class, (double)0.5);
model.set(
  ExternalHighlightGenerator
    .ExternalHighlightDistance.class,
  (double)18
);
model.set(
  RendererModel.ExternalHighlightColor.class,
  Color.red
);
model.setExternalSelectedPart(selection);
// paint the background
Graphics2D g2 = (Graphics2D)image.getGraphics();
g2.setColor(Color.WHITE);
g2.fillRect(0, 0, WIDTH, HEIGHT);
// the paint method also needs a toolkit-specific renderer
renderer.paint(compound3016, new AWTDrawVisitor(g2));
ImageIO.write(
  (RenderedImage)image, "PNG",
  new File("CTR7.png")
);

Indigo/PythonEdit

Mol 3016 depiction with the Indigo toolkit.

Output from Indigo/Python

from indigo import Indigo
from indigo_renderer import IndigoRenderer
 
indigo = Indigo()
renderer = IndigoRenderer(indigo)
 
tgt=None
for mol in indigo.iterateSDFile("benzodiazepine.sdf"):
    if not mol:
        continue
    if mol.name()=='3016':
        tgt=mol
        break
 
query = indigo.loadQueryMolecule("c1ccc2c(c1)C(=NCCN2)c3ccccc3")
match = indigo.substructureMatcher(tgt).match(query)
 
if match:
    matching = match.highlightedTarget()
    matching.foldHydrogens() # Indigo does not change the representation of the hydrogens automatically
    matching.layout() # if not called, will be done automatically by the renderer
 
    indigo.setOption("render-output-format", "png")
    indigo.setOption("render-image-size", 200, 250)
    indigo.setOption("render-background-color", 1.0, 1.0, 1.0)
 
    renderer.renderToFile(matching, "3016_highlighted.indigo.png")

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